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"Sound" Baseball Played at Ohio School for the Blind +<p><a href=""></a></p>


'Citizens' v Crew of the USN Pinta in Sitka on 4 July 1886 +<p>Sitka <em>Alaskan</em>, July 3, 1886</p>
'Colored' Club of Decatur +<p>Decatur <em>Republican</em>, June 3, 1869</p> <p>Brunson, "Black Baseball, 1858-1900"</p>
'Colored' Club of Newark +<p>The Quincy <em>Daily Whig</em>, Aug. 16, 1876</p>
'Colored' Club of Paducah +<p>The <em>Cairo Daily Bulletin</em>, Sept. 24, 1871</p>
'Ladies' Club of Pensacola +<p>The <em>Bangor Daily Whig</em>, July 12, 1867</p>
'Natives' v 'Haoles' in HI on 4 July 1866 +<p>"A Brief History of Baseball in Hawaii and the Hawaii Winter League," at <a href=""></a>, accessed 11/22/2013.</p> <p>This report does not provide a source. </p>
'Negro' Club of Atlanta +<p><em>Memphis Appeal</em>, Aug. 25, 1867</p>
'colored juveniles' v 'colored juveniles' on 5 November 1867 +<p>The <em>Selma Times and Messenger</em>, Nov. 6, 1867</p>


-2000000c.2 +<p>D. Bramble and D. Lieberman, "XXX," <span style="text-decoration: underline;">Nature,</span> November 18, 2018. </p>


1086.1 +<p><strong>Note:</strong> This source is Henderson, Robert W., <span style="text-decoration: underline;">Ball, Bat and Bishop: The Origins of Ball Games</span> [Rockport Press, 1947], p. 75.</p>
12th US Infantry v 25th US Infantry on 25 December 1899 +<p>"The Twenty-Fifth Infantry Regiment Takes the Field," National Pastime 15 (1995) pp. 59-64</p>
1393.1 +<p><a href=""></a>, as accessed 9/6/2007.</p>
1400c.1 +<p><em>Norton Anthology of Poetry (</em>third edition, 1983) page 99. </p>
1440c.1 +<p>Lionel Cust, "The Frescoes in the Casa Borromeo at Milan," <em>The Burlington Magazine for Connoisseurs</em>, Vol. 33, No. 184 (July 1918), 8.  Link to color image:  <a href=""></a></p>
1450.2 +<p>National Stoolball Association website, accessed April 2007.</p>
1538.1 +<p> </p> <p>Brewster, Paul G., <span style="text-decoration: underline;">American Nonsinging Games</span> [University of Oklahoma Press, Norman OK, 1953] pp. 79-89. Submitted by John Thorn, 6/6/04.  Brewster gives no source for the French dictum, nor for the "later date" when Easter play ceased in England.</p> <p>Bob Tholkes (email of 10/4/2017) found a later source: Dawn Marie Hayes, “Earthly Uses of Heavenly Spaces: Non-Liturgical Activities in Sacred Place”, in <span style="text-decoration: underline;">Studies in Medieval History & Culture</span>, Francis G. Gentry, ed., Routledge, 2003, p. 64. </p> <p> </p>
1540c.2 +<p>Henry Howard (Earl of Surrey), <em>So Cruel a Prison, </em>Norton Anthology of Poetry, 3rd edition, 1983:  from <em>Songes and sonettes, written by the right honourable Lorde Henry Howard, late Earle of Surrey </em>(London, A. R. Tottel, 1557).</p>
1586c.1 +<p>Sir Philip Sydney, <span style="text-decoration: underline;">Arcadia</span><span style="text-decoration: underline;">: Sonnets</span> [1622], page 493. <strong>Note:</strong> citation needs confirmation.</p>
1598.4 +<p>A.G. Steel and R. H. Lyttelton, <span style="text-decoration: underline;">Cricket,</span> (Longmans Green, London, 1890) 4<sup>th</sup> edition, page 6.</p>
1600c.1 +<p>[A] Guarinoni, Hippolytis, <span style="text-decoration: underline;">Greuel der Verwustung der menschlichen Gesschlechts</span> [The horrors of the devastation of the human race], [Ingolstadt, Austrian Empire, 1610], per David Block, <span style="text-decoration: underline;">Baseball Before We Knew It</span>, pages 167-168.  See also pp. 100-102 for Block's summary of, and a translation of the Guarinoni material.</p> <p>[B] Source: from page 111 of an unidentified photocopy in the "Origins of Baseball" file at the Giamatti Center of the Baseball Hall of Fame, accessed in 2008. The quoted material is found in a section titled "Rounders and Other Ball Games with Sticks and Bats," pp. 110-111. This section also reports: "Gyula Hajdu sees the origin of <em>round</em> games as follows: 'Round games conserve the memory of ancient castle warfare. A member of the besieged garrison sets out for help, slipping through the camp of the enemy. . . . '" "In Hungary several variants of rounders exist in the countryside."</p> <p>This unidentified source may be W. Andrei and L. Zolnay, <span style="text-decoration: underline;">Fun and Games in Old Europe</span> [English translation from Hungarian] (Budapest, 1986), pp. 110-111, as cited in Block, fn 16, page 304. </p>
1609.1 +<p>The 1609 source is Zbigniew Stefanski, <span style="text-decoration: underline;">Memorial Commercatoris</span> [A Merchant's Memoirs], (Amsterdam, 1625), as cited in David Block's <span style="text-decoration: underline;">Baseball Before We Knew It</span>, page 101. Stefanski was a skilled Polish workingman who wrote a memoir of his time in the Jamestown colony: an entry for 1609 related the Polish game of <em>pilka palantowa</em>(bat ball). Another account by a scholar reported adds that "the playfield consisted of eight bases not four, as in our present day game of baseball." If true, this would imply that the game involved running as well as batting.</p> <p>1975 Letter:  from Matthew Baranski to the Baseball Hall ofFame, March 23, 1975.  [Found in the Origins file at the Giamatti Center.]  Matthew  Baranski himself cites <span style="text-decoration: underline;">First Poles in America1608-1958</span>, published by the Polish Falcons of America, Pittsburgh, but  unavailable online as of 7/28/09.  We have not confirmed that sighting. </p> <p>See also David Block, "Polish Workers Play Ball at Jamestown Virginia: An Early Hint of Continental Europe's Influence on Baseball," <span style="text-decoration: underline;">Base Ball (Origins Issue)</span>, Volume 5, number 1 (Spring 2011), pp.5-9.</p> <p> </p>
1630.4 +<p><a href=""></a></p> <p>Per-e Email from Anita Broad, Vice Chair, Stoolball England, January 23, 2018.</p>
1630c.3 +<p>Griffin, Emma, "Popular Recreation and the Significance of Space," (publication unknown), page 36.</p> <p>The original source is shown as the Crosfield Diary entry for March 1, 1633, page 63. Thanks to John Thorn for supplementing a draft of this entry. One citation for the diary is F. S. Boas, editor, <span style="text-decoration: underline;">The Diary of Thomas Crosfield</span> (Oxford University Press, London, 1935).</p>
1656.1 +<p>Source: 13: Doc Hist., Volume Iv, pp.13-15, and Father Jogues' papers in NY Hist. Soc. Coll., 1857, pp. 161-229, as cited in <span style="text-decoration: underline;">Manual of the Reformed Church in America (Formerly Ref. Prot. Dutch Church), 1628-1902</span>, E. T. Corwin, D.D., Fourth Edition (Reformed Church in America, New York, 1902.) Provided by John Thorn, email of 2/1/2008.</p>
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