|Chart: Predecessor and Derivative Games|
|Glossary of Games, Full List|
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|Add a Family of Games|
|Eras||Derivative, 1800s, Post-1900|
Protoball's Glossary of Games includes many nonrunning games in which the ball (or cat, jor other object) is put in play by a batter who gently lofts a ball and bats, or "fungoes," it to other players. Some better-known examples are Pepper, Brannboll (Sweden), Catch-a-Fly (Manhattan), Corkball (St. Louis), 500, Half-ball, Indian Ball (MO), Sky Ball (CT), and Tip-Cat.
Some early references:
Culin (1891): A batter fungoes balls to a set of fielders. A fielder who first catches a set number of balls on the fly becomes the batter.
Chadwick (1884) describes Fungo as requiring the hitter to deliver the ball on the fly to the fielders, or he loses his place. This practice probably has had numerous local variant names such as Knock Up and Catch and Knocking Flies.
It is common for those coaching baseball to give outfielders practice in judging and fielding fly balls by hitting balls toward them fungo-style.
Culin, S. (1891). "Street Games of Boys in Brooklyn." Journal of American Folklore, volume 4, page 232.
Henry Chadwick, Sports and Pastimes for American Boys (Routledge, New York, 1884), page 18.
F. G. Cassidy et al., Dictionary of American Regional English (Harvard University Press, 1996), page 245.
In January 2017 Neil Seldman and Mark Schoenberg contributed this definition of a fungo bat (email of 1/25/2017:
Note: Protoball welcomes additional information on known local fungo games.
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