Green, B. (1988) A History of Cricket (Green). London, Barrie and Jenkins.
Blaine, D. P. (1840) An Encyclopedia of Rural Sports. London, A. Stottswoods.
Bonner, M. G. (1930) "The Birth of Baseball." St. Nicholas. 57(12): 931-932.
Daniels, G. P. (1845) Boy’s and Girl’s Book of Sports. Providence, Geo. Daniels.
Guttman, A. (1994) Baseball. Games and Empire. Games and Empire: Modern Sports and Cultural Imperialism. Columbia University Press: 71-96.
Martineau, G. D. (1957) They Made Cricket. London, The Sportsman's Book Club.
Ritter, L. S. (1983) The Story of Baseball (Green). HarperTrophy. (Beech Tree edition -- 1999)
Spalding, A. G. (1906) The Origin of Base Ball (Spalding). Spalding’s Official Base Ball Guide – 1906. Spalding: 6.
Spalding, A. G. (1905) What is the Origin of Base Ball?. Spalding’s Official Base Ball Guide, 1905. Spalding: 3-13.
Altherr, Thomas (2009) "Base is Not Always Baseball: Prisoner's Base from the 13th to 20th Centuries." Base Ball. 3(1): 67-79.
Turner, Brian and John S. Bowman (2002, rev. 2011) The Hurrah Game: Baseball in Northampton, 1791-1953. x. Northampton MA, Historic Northampton. (26 pages of this 93-page book treat base ball's pre-professional period.)
Block, David (2011) "1609 -- Polish Workers Play Ball at Jamestown, Virginia: An Early Hint of Europe's Influence On Base Ball." Base Ball. 5(1): 5 - 9.
Block, David (2011) "1609: Polish Workers Play Ball at Jamestown, Virginia: An Early Hint of Europe's Influence On Base Ball." Base Ball. 5(1): 5 - 9.
Turner, Brian and Larry McCray (2011) "1621 -- Pilgrim Stoolball an the Profusion of American Safe-Haven Ballgames." Base Ball. 5(1): 10 -16.
McCray, Larry (2011) "1672 -- The Amazing Francis Willughby, and the Role of Stoolball in the Evolution of Baseball and Cricket." Base Ball. 5(1): 17-20.
Turner, Brian (2011) "1726 -- Ballplaying and Boston Common: A Town Playground for Boys . . . And Men." Base Ball. 5(1): 21-24.
Hise, Beth (2011) "1744 -- "How Is It, Umpire?" The 1744 Laws of Cricket and Their Influence on the Development of Baseball in America." Base Ball. 5(1): 25 - 31.
Block, David (2011) "1744 -- John Newbery Publishes 'A Little Pretty Pocket Book,' and with it Our First Glimpse of English Baseball." Base Ball. 5(1): 32 - 37.
Turner, Brian (2011) "1755 -- 'The Bat and Ball;' A Distinct Game or a Generic Term?." Base Ball. 5(1): 37 - 40.
Lewis, Harry (2011) "1781 -- Protoball at Harvard: From Pastime to Contest." Base Ball. 5(1): 41 - 45.
Thorn, John (2011) "1791 -- The Pittsfield "Baseball" Bylaw -- What it Means." Base Ball. 5(1): 46 - 49.
Block, David (2011) "1796 -- German Book Describes Das Englisch Base-ball: But Was It Baseball or Rounders?." Base Ball. 5(1): 50 - 54.
Thompson, George (2011) "1805 -- An Enigmatic 1805 "Game of Bace" in New York." Base Ball. 5(1): 55 - 57.
Hershberger, Richard (2011) "1821 -- New York Mansion Converted to Venue Suitable for Ballplaying." Base Ball. 5(1): 58 - 60.
Thompson, George (2011) "1823 -- Game of Baseball Reported in "National Advocate"." Base Ball. 51: 61 - 64.
Astifan, Priscilla (2011) "1825 -- Thurlow Weed and the Growth of Baseball in Rochester, New York." Base Ball. 5(1): 65 - 68.
McCray, Larry (2011) "1829 -- The Rise and Fall of New England-Style Ballplaying." Base Ball. 5(1): 69 - 72.
McCray, Larry (2011) "1830 -- Thoreau's Diary Entry and Other Tiny Clues as to Who Played Early Ball." Base Ball. 5(1): 73 - 76.
Hershberger, Richard (2011) "1831 -- The Olympic Ball Club of Philadelphia." Base Ball. 5(1): 77-80.
Brown, Randall (2011) "1837 -- William Wheaton and the Evolution of the New York Game." Base Ball. 5(1): 81 - 84.
Altherr, Thomas (2011) "1841 -- Barn Ball." Base Ball. 5(1): 85 - 88.
Thorn, John (2011) "1843 -- Magnolia Club Predates the Knickerbocker." Base Ball. 5(1): 89 - 92.
McCray, Larry (2011) "1845 -- The Knickerbocker Rules, and the Long History of the One-Bounce Fielding Rule." Base Ball. 5(1): 93 - 97.
Dyte, David (2011) "1845 -- Baseball in Brooklyn, 1845 - 1870: The Best There Was." Base Ball. 5(1): 98 - 102.
Altherr, Thomas (2011) "1850 -- Southern Ball-Games." Base Ball. 5(1): 103 - 105.
Thorn, John (2011) "1853 -- The Baseball Press Emerges." Base Ball. 5(1): 106 - 110.
Ryczek, William (2011) "1854 -- William Van Cott Writes a Letter to the Sporting Press." Base Ball. 5(1): 111 - 113.
McCray, Larry (2011) "1856 -- The New York Game in 1856: Poised for a National Launch." Base Ball. 5(1): 114 - 117.
Miklich, Eric (2011) "1857 -- Nine Innings, Nine Players, Ninety Feet and Other Changes: The Recodification of Baseball Rules in 1857." Base Ball. 5(1): 118 - 121.
Schaefer, Robert (2011) "1858 -- The Changes Wrought by the Great Base Ball Match of 1858." Base Ball. 5(1): 122 - 126.
Payne, Marty (2011) "1858 -- Diffusion of the New York Game in Maryland." Base Ball. 5(1): 127 - 131.
McCray, Larry (2011) "1859 -- State Championship Wicket Game in Connecticut: A Hearty Hurrah for a Doomed Pastime." Base Ball. 5(1): 132 - 135.
Tholkes, Robert (2011) "1860 -- The "Sunday Mercury" Summarizes the 1860 Season." Base Ball. 5(1): 136 - 138.
Waff, Craig (2011) "1860 -- Atlantics and Excelsiors Compete for the "Championship"." Base Ball. 5(1): 139 - 142.
Hise, Beth (2011) "1862 -- American Cricket in the 1860s." Base Ball. 5(1): 143 - 148.
Millen, Patricia (2011) "1863 -- On the Battlefront, the New York Game Takes Hold." Base Ball. 5(1): 149 - 152.
Pitoniak, Scott (2003) Baseball in Rochester. Arcadia Publishing.
Antonelli, Johnny (2012) Johnny Antonelli: A Baseball Memoir. RIT Press.
Bryan Curtis (2013) The Baseball Archaeologist. In Search of Baseball's Holy Grail: How One Man is Re-writing the History of the Game -- One Diary at a Time. Grantland (ESPN Internet Ventures). (Published September 18, 2013.)
Morris, Peter, et. al., editors (2012) Base Ball Pioneer, 1850-1870: The Clubs and Players Who Spread the Sport Nationwide. Jefferson, NC, McFarland: 354. (Essays for each of 68 early ballclubs outside the metropolitan area of New York. The average essay is about 5 pages in length.)
Morris, Peter, et. al., Editors (2013) Base Ball Founders; the Clubs, Players and Cities of the Northeast that Established the Game. Jefferson, NC, McFarland: 332. (Essays on each of 40 early clubs in downstate New York, Philadelphia, and Massachusetts, with an average length of about 8 pages.)
Ohler, W. Richard (2001) "The History of Baseball in Buffalo." Western New York Heritage. 4(1): 59-62. (About three paragraphs of this 4-page article treat the years prior to 1880.)
Pajot, Dennis (2009) The Rise of Milwaukee Baseball. Jefferson, NC, McFarland. (Details unknown 11/2013)
Kashatus, William () Diamonds in the Coal Fields. Jefferson NC, McFarland. (Covers 1876-1960; depth of coverage of early years not known. Area covered in NE Pennsylvania. Coverage may center on a few colorful individuals.)
Akin, William () West Virginia Baseball:A History, 1865-2000. Jefferson NC, McFarland. (Extent of coverage not known 11/2013.)
Sutter, L. M. (2009) Ball, Bat, and Bitumen:A History of Coalfield Baseball in the Appalachian South. Jefferson NC, NcFarland. (Geographical and decadal coverage unknown as of 11/2013.)
Arcidiacono, David (2010) Major League Baseball in Gilded Age Connecticut. Jefferson NC, McFarland: 260. (About 4 pages -- 18 through 21 -- appear to cover the period from the first clubs (1858) to the Civil War.)
Unidentified () Unidentified Source. (About 3 pages of this orphaned MS (Monica?) covers Hawaii ballplaying from 1810 to the arrival of the Spalding tour in 1888.)
Bailey, Bob (1990) Draft Chapter on Beginnings of Ballplaying in KY. (This is a draft chapter 1 for a project that was not realized. I have misfiled it, but it will pop up. It cites a finding by Dean Sullivan that stoolball and cricket were well-established in Louisville in about 1850.)
Bourke, John (??) US Infantry Faces Cavalry in WY in 1876. (Our lead on this sketchy report is in a 9/10/2013 email from Joel Dinda.)
Ardolina, Frank (2002) "Missionaries, Cartwright, and Spalding: The Development of Baseball in Nineteenth Century Hawaii." NINE. 10(2): 27-45.
Morris, Peter (2003) Baseball Fever: Early Basebnall in Michigan. U of Michigan Press: 362.
Daniel, W. Harrison (2003) Baseball and Richmond: A History of the Professional Game. 1884-2000. Jefferson NC, McFarland. (A snippet view of this book indicates that an initial chapter of at least 12 pages covers local base ball prior to 1884.)
Anon () Juab County (UT) Information for Students. (This site describes a 5-hour game played by teams of nine in October 1875. The players had send to New York for a rule book, but played before the book arrived. The score of the game was 87-17. The winning team was to receive a "quarter of beef." This game was said to have been the first played in Utah, and likely the first west of the Mississippi. No sources for the account are given.)
Freedman, Stephen (1978) "The Baseball Fad in Chicago, 1865-1870." Journal of Sport History. 5(2): 42-64. (This paper does not probe the earlier beginnings of Chicago baseball. It does report that as of 1860, Chicago had only 4 "private baseball clubs," despite its population of nearly 110,000.)
Anon (2009) History of Baseball in Portland OR. (An East Portland club that formed in May 1866 was the first club in the Pacific NW. The narrative then skips to the first pro team in 1883.)
Ryczek, William (2009) Baseball in Philadelphia (Chapter 10 of "Baseball's First Inning"). Jefferson NC, McFarland. (Pages 14 ff trace evidence on early modern baseball clubs in Pha.)
Kittel, Jeff (2010) Research Notes on Modern BB in Early IL. (About a dozen refs to baseball up to 1868)
Adams, Roger (unpublished) Nestor of Ball Players. (This is a facsimile of an 8- page, typed account to the baseball life of Doc Adams written by his son in 1939, held in the Chadwick scrapbooks, and supplied to Protoball 12/29/2009 by Bill Ryczek.)
Christopherson, Jason (2003) Baseball in Eau Claire (Pictoral History). Arcadia. (This book has no been examined as of 11/2013.)
McCarthy, Kevin (1996) Baseball in Florida. Pineapple Press. (This book has not been evaluated as of Nov. 2013. An EBay blurb does not mention the early history of FL ballplaying.)
Parker, Bob (1967) Batter Up: Ft. Wayne's Baeball History 1862-1967. (This book has not been evaluated n Nov. 2013. Available information is taken from an EBay offer in 2006.)
Arcidiacono, David (2003) Grace, Grit, and Growling: The Hartford Dark Blues Base Ball Club, 1874-1877. David Arcidiacono. (The initial 5 pages describe the runup to the foundation of the Dark Blues.)
Arcidiacono, David () Middleton's Season in the Sun: The Story of Connecticut's First Professional Baseball Team. David Arcidiacono. (This information appears in it front matter of the author's 2003 book on the Hartford Dark Blues)
several () "Baseball in Illinois." Illinois History. 14(7): 147-167. (this April 1961 issue carries 9 articles on IL baseball in the past, mostly during the 20th century.)
Tarvin, A. H. (1940) Seventy-five Years on Louisville Diamonds (booklet). (Information taken from an EBay offering in 2005.)
Howell, Colin D. (1995) Northern Sandlots: A Social History of Maritime Baseball. U of Toronto Press. (Most of this book is reported to cover the 1870s.)
Thornley, Stew (2006) Baseball in Minnesota: A Definitive History. Minnesota Historical Society Press. (This book has not been scrutinized in Nov. 2013.)
Derenbecker, Sandy () Email message, 2005 --Pre-Major Leaguers in Louisiana. (In May 2005, Sandy mentioned that she was trying to trace members of 1859 New Orleans clubs, and might later compile a spreadsheet on her findings.)
Burke, Bob, et. al. (1999) Glory Days of Summer; the History of Baseball in Oklahoma.. (This 470-page book evidently traces the OK careers of ballplayers. The EBay offeror did not mention that it covers earliest play there.)
Swank, Bill (2004) Baseball in San Diego:From the Pares to Petco. Arcadia. (Mostly a book of photographs, reportedly.)
Puff, Richard (unknown) Haymakers and Daisycutters: Troy and the National Pastime. Committee to Preserve Troy's Baseball Heritage: 12 pages. (No references appear in the 12-page section of the facsimile kindly provided by John Thorn.)
Ceresi, Frank, and C. McMains (TBD) "Early Baseball in Washington, DC." Baseball Reseach JournaL: 19-25. (Identifying information to be recovered)
Madden, W.C. (2003) Baseball in Indianapolis. Arcadia. (Not assessed as of Nov. 2013)
Myers, Minor (1988) Baseball in Geneva. Geneva Historical Society: 22. (The first 4 pages of this mimeo booklet cover pre-1870 ballplaying.)
Bailey, Bob (1999) Chapter 1: Beginnings. From Amateur Teams of Disgrace in the National League. unpublished: 15. (Pages 1-8 of this chapter cover ballplaying prior to the founding of Louisville National League in 1876.)
Biewala, Michael (2003) Bridgeport Baseball. Aarcadia. (This book has not been assessed. It is presented as a pictorial history.)
unknown (1954) The Philadelphia Cricket Club, 1854-1954. (Information form an EBay listing, 9/25/2006.)
Rubin, Sam (2003) Baseball in New Haven. Arcadia. (Information from an EBay listing, 9/25/2006.)
Kovach, John M. (2004) Baseball in South Bend. Arcadia: 128 pages. (From an EBay listing, 9/25/2006)
Shampoe, Clay, and T. Garrett (2004) Baseball in Portsmouth. Arcadia. (Information from an EBay posting, 10/31/2006. Pictorial History)
unknown (2003) Baseball in Trenton. Arcadia.
Peeler, Tim, and B. McLawhorn (2004) Baseball in Catawba County NC. Arcadia: 128. (Information from an EBay listing, 9/8/2006)
Lusted, Andrew (2011) The Glynde Butterflies Stoolball Team, 1866-1887. Lewes, England.
Lusted, Andrew (2013) Girls Just Wanted to Have Fun: Stoolball Reports in Local Newspapers, 1747 to 1866. Lewes, England.
Johnson, Drew (2013) America's 50th Home Run. Vimeo. (A 45-minute film on the history of base ball in Hawaii.)
read online: https://vimeo.com/83943744
Hershberger, Richard (2014) "The Creation of the Alexander Cartwright Myth." The Baseball Research Journal. 43(1): SABR: 13-21.
Hershberger, Richard (2013) "The Base Ball Convention of 1857." Base Ball. 7(Fall 2013): McFarland and Company: 28-44.
Christiano, Gregory (2013) "Baseball in the Bronx, Before the Yankees." The Bronx County Historical Journal. 50(Spring/Fall 2013): Baltimore, PublishAmerica: 16-31.
Harris, Rick (2014) Newport Baseball History: America's Pastime by the Sea.. History Press. (The story of baseball in Newport, Rhode Island. Protoball doesn't yet know how much of the book treats the Origins Era, up through 1871.)
Harris, Richard (2014) Newport Baseball History: America's Pastime in the City By the Sea. The History Press: 172. (Chapter 2, "Origins and Development," pages 34 - 50, cover the pre-professional era in RI and Newport.)
Patel, Jayesh (2013) Flannels on the Sward: History of Cricket in Americas. Jayesh Patel: 385. (Chapter 1: Colonial Cousins, the Yankee Game of Wicket, pp. 1 -28. Counting roughly, the book's first 180 or so pages treat the years prior to professional base ball in the US.)
Berenbak, Adam (2014) "Henderson, Cartwright, and the 1953 US Congress." The Baseball Research Journal. 43(2 (Fall 2014)): SABR: 34-35. (This short article traces the idea that Robert Henderson was officially commended by Congress as showing that Alexander Cartwright, not Abner Doubleday, invented baseball. The author reports that no such commendation can be found.)
Harris, Rick (2008) Rhode Island Baseball: The Early Years. Book. History Press. (Most of the book's coverage of the Origins Era are in Chapter 1 ("Before Baseball"), pages 21-26, and Chapter 2 ("Notes on the Development of the National Pastime"), pages 27 - 37.)
Harris, Rick (2012) Brown University Baseball. Book. History Press. (Base Ball started at Brown University in the 1860s. Protoball doesn't yet know how much of the book covers the Origins Era -- up to 1871.)
Hershberger. Richard (2014) ""The Creation of the Alexander Cartwright Myth"." Baseball Research Journal.
Thorn, John (2015) "The Making of a New York Folk Hero". 2. (Up-to-date reflections on how and why Abner Doubleday and Alexander Cartwright seem to have been accorded inventor status for base ball, which, evidence increasingly shows, actually progressed by incremental evolutionary means.)
Tholkes, Robert (2016) "The Young and the Restless: George Wright 1865-1868.." Baseball Research Journal(Fall 2016): 95-101.
Yang, Dori Jones (2017) The Forbidden Temptation of Baseball. Yes. Tempe, Arizona, Sparkpress. (This book of fiction, based on factual accounts adduced on pp 231-232 and pp 239-240, tells the story of 120 Chinese boys sent to New England in 1872 under the Chinese Educational Mission. They stayed about ten years in Americana families, and many played base ball. The experience, as well as later Chinese participation in base ball, is treated in Joel S. Franks, "Baseball and Racism's Traveling Eye," in Baldassaro and Johnson, The American Game: Baseball and Ethnicity (Southern Illinois University Press, 2002), page 177 ff (see especially page 182).)
Tholkes, Robert J. (2016) "The Young and the Restless: George Wright, 1865-1868." Baseball Research Journal: SABR: 95 - 101.
Baumer, Jim (2005) When Towns Had Teams. Yes. River Vision Press.
Anderson, Will (1992) Was Baseball Really Invented in Maine?. Yes. Will Anderson.
Bohn, Terry (2014) ""Many Exciting Chases After the Ball: 19th Century Base Ball in Bismarck, Dakota Territory"." The Baseball Research Journal. 43(1): 48-53.
Astifan, Priscilla and Larry McCray (2008) ""Old Fashioned Base Ball" in Western New York, 1825-1860." Base Ball. 2(2): 26-34.
Overfield, J. M. (1985) 100 Years of Buffalo Baseball. Kenmore, NY, Partner's Press. (A single page of this book is devoted to the pre 1870 period, and two more pages treat a local clubs that played before 1880 in the International League and then [starting in 1879] in the young National League.)
Rucker, M., and John Freyer (2003) 19th Century Baseball in Chicago. Arcadia Publishing. (Not evaluated.)
Lester, J. A. (1951) A Century of Philadelphia Cricket. University of Pennsylvania Press.
Staats, Richard (2003) A Grassroots History of Baseball: Days of the Rosewood Bat and teh Silver Ball. (This source has not been evaluated. According to a 2005 EBay offering, it tells how "Base Ball exploded with enthusiasm across northeast Ohio in 1867.")
unknown (1985) A History of Baseball in the San Francisco Bay Area. unknown. (This book has not been obtained as of Nov. 2013.)
Petula, Nickolas (1992) A History of Scranton Professional Baseball 1865-1953. (spiral bound). (Information from a terse EBay offering , 2005.)
Twohey, George (1897) A History of the Boston Baseball Club. (The first 60 pages of this book cover the context in which the Boston Club arose, including the rise and fate of the Massachusetts game and the initial MA clubs playing by Association rules.)
Zinn, John () A Manly Pastime -- A Blog by John Zinn. (John Zinn is compiling accounts of base ball in all of New Jersey up to 1870. He periodically posts essays on what he is finding on this site. He is now completing his search of all recorded NJ newspaper coverage in this era.)
read online: http://amanlypastime.blogspot.com/
Pietruzsa, D. (1992) A Question of Territory. Troy’s Baseball Heritage. Troy, NY, Society for American Baseball Research: 13. (Not evaluated.)
Hershberger, R. (2007) "A Reconstruction of Philadelphia Town Ball." Base Ball. 1(2): 28-43.
Unknown (1992) A Short History of Baseball in Miami and Miami Beach. 26-page booklet. 26. (This spiral-bound booklet was listed on EBay in 2004, but has not been obtained by Protoball. It was said to have a chronology from 1856 on.)
Adelman, M. A. (1986) A Sporting Time: New York City and the Rise of Modern Athletics, 1820-1870. University of Illinois Press.
Ryczek, William J. (2009) Baseball's First Inning: A History of the National Pastime Through the Civil War. Yes. Jefferson NC, McFarland and Company.
Block, David (2019) Pastime Lost:The Humble, Original, and Now Completely Forgotten Game of English Baseball. Yes. Lincoln NE, University of Nebraska Press: 298.
Atkinson, F. (1963) "'Knur and Spell' and Allied GamesCountry=." Folk Life. 1: 43-65.
Gelber, S. M. (1984) "'Their Hands Are All Out Playing:' Business and Amateur Baseball, 1845-1917Country=." Journal of Sport History. 11(1): 5-27.
Allen, L. (1950) 100 Years of Baseball: the Intimate and Dramatic Story of Modern Baseball From the Game's Beginnings Up to the Present DayCountry=. New York, Bartholomew House.
Rucker, M., and Stephen Hanks (1989) 150 Years of BaseballCountry=. Publications International.
Thorn, J. (2007) "1791 And All That; Baseball and the BerkshiresCountry=." Base Ball. 1(1): 119-126.
Twombly, W. (1976) 200 Years of Sport in America: A Pageant of a Nation at PlayCountry=. McGraw-Hill.
Anson, A. C. (1900) A Ball Player’s CareerCountry=. Chicago, Era Publishing. (reprinted by Amereon, 1993.)
Couzens, G. S. (1980) A Baseball AlbumCountry=. New York, Lippincott and Crowell.
Gorn, E., and Warren Goldstein (1993) A Brief History of American SportsCountry=. Hill and Wang.
Richter, F. C. (1909) A Brief History of BaseballCountry=. Sporting Life Publications.
Doubleday, A. (1939) A Century of BaseballCountry=. Louisville, Kentucky, Standard Printing Company. (http://www.ebay.com/itm/Century-Baseball-1839-1939-/370511002543)
Butler, S. H. (1946) A Concise History of CricketCountry=. Cricket Book Society.
Bouchier, N. B., and R. K. Barney (1988) "A Critical Examination of a Source on Early Ontario Baseball: The Reminiscence of Adam E. FordCountry=." Journal of Sport History. 15(1): 75-90.
Morris, P. (2006) A Game of Inches: The Stories Behind the Innovations That Shaped BaseballCountry=. Chicago, Ivan Dee.
Clark, J. (2003) A History of Australian Baseball: Time and GameCountry=. Lincoln, NE, University of Nebraska Press.
Ross, G. (1972) A History of CricketCountry=. London, Arthur Barket.
Gonzalez, C. (2007) "A New Perspective on Mexican Baseball OriginsCountry=." Base Ball. 1(2): 64-72.
Block, D. (2008) "A Peek into the Pocket-BookCountry=." Base Ball. 2(1): 17-28.
Altherr, T. L. (2000) "A Place Leavel Enough to Play Ball: Baseball and Baseball-Type Games in the Colonial Era, Revolutionary War, and Early American Republic.Country=." Nine. 8(2): 15-49.
Chadwick, H. (1881) A Plea for Base-BallCountry=. New York Times: 5.
Birley, D. (1999) A Social History of English CricketCountry=. Aurum Press.
Elston, G. (2001) A Stitch in Time: A Baseball Chronology, 1845 - 2000Country=. Halcyon Press.
Guttman, A. (1988) A Whole New Ball Game: An Interpretation of American SportsCountry=. University of North Carolina Press.
Levine, P. (1985) A. G. Spalding and the Rise of BaseballCountry=. Oxford University Press.
Dulles, F. R. (1940) America Learns to Play: A History of Popular Recreation 1607-1940Country=. New York, Appleton-Century.
read online: http://archive.org/stream/americalearnstop007872mbp
Voigt, D. Q. (1976) America Through BaseballCountry=. Chicago, Nelson-Hall.
Voigt, D. Q. (1966) American Baseball: From Gentleman’s Sport to the Commissioner SystemCountry=. Oklahoma University Press. (reprinted by Pennsylvania State University Press, 1983)
Chadwick, H. (1868) American Chronicle of Sports and PastimesCountry=. New York: 2. (published in book form, 1996)
Brewster, P. G. (1953) American Nonsinging GamesCountry=. University of Oklahoma Press.
Holliman, J. (1931) American Sports (1785-1835)Country=. Durhan, NC, Seeman Press. (republished by Porcupine Press, Philadelphia, 1975)
Rader, B. G. (1983) American Sports: From the Age of Folk Games to the Age of SpectatorsCountry=. Prentice-Hall.
Spalding, A. G. (1911) America’s National Game: Historic Facts Concerning the Beginnings, Evolution, Development and Popularity of Base BallCountry=. New York, American Sports Publishing Company. (reprinted by University of Nebraska Press, 1992)
Betts, J. R. (1974) America’s Sporting Heritage: 1850-1950Country=. Addison Wesley.
Viney, N., and Neil Grant (1978) An Illustrated History of Ball GamesCountry=. London, Book Club Associates.
Krout, J. A. (1929) Annals of American SportCountry=. New Haven, Yale University Press.
Read, W. W. (1897) Annals of CricketCountry=. Sampson, Low, Marston.
Miller, S. G. (2004) Arete: Greek Sports from Ancient SourcesCountry=. University of California Press.
Arlott, J. a. T., F. (1977) Arlott and Trueman on CricketCountry=. London, British Broadcasting Company.
Casway, J. (1992) "At The Old Ball GameCountry=." Temple Review.
Palmer, H. C., et al. (1889) Athletic Sports in America, England, and AustraliaCountry=. W. A. Houghton.
Presbey, F. (1901) Athletics at Princeton: A HistoryCountry=US. New York, Frank Presbrey Company.
Manchester, H. (1991) Ball Games: 1800-1860Country=. Four Centuries of Sport in America: 1490-1890. Lyon, Mississippi, Derrydale Press: 121-130.
Henderson, R. W. (1947) Ball, Bat, and Bishop: the Origin of Ball GamesCountry=. New York, Rockport Press.
Morland, G. (1914) Balldom: A History of BaseballCountry=. (Produced in DVD by Golden Age, 1999)
Benson, M. (1989) Ballparks of North America: 1845 to PresentCountry=. McFarland.
Dunning, E., and Kenneth Sheard (1979) Barbarians, Gentlemen, and PlayersCountry=. Oxford, Martin Robinson.
Mayhew/Baker, e. (1858) Base BallCountry=. A Manual of Cricket and Base Ball, With Rules and Regulations Illustrated. Boston, Mayhew and Baker: 20 - 24.
read online: http://www.archive.org/stream/manualofcricketb00bost
Anon. (1859) Base Ball - Who Plays the Genuine Game?Country=. Buffalo Morning Express.
Morris, Peter, et.al. (2012) Base Ball Pioneers: The Clubs and Players Who Spread the Sport NationwideCountry=. McFarland.
Anon. (1887) "Base Ball Reminiscences: Part I - The Evolution of Base BallCountry=." National Daily Base Ball Gazette.
Shiffert, J. (2006) Base Ball in Philadelphia: A History of the Early Game, 1831-1900Country=US. Jefferson, NC, McFarland: 288. (The first two chapters (30 pages) cover the period before the Civil War.)
Egan, J. M. (2008) Base Ball on the Western reserve: The Early Game in Cleveland and Northeast Ohio, Year by Year and Town by Town, 1865-1900Country=US. Jefferson, NC, McFarland. (The first 50 pages include ballplaying befor3 1870, including game summaries from a number of places in NE Ohio.)
Church, S. R. (1902) Base Ball, 1845-1871Country=. San Francisco. (Reprinted by Pyne Press, Princeton, 1974)
Roff, E. (1912) Base ball and base ball playersCountry=. Chicago, E. A. Roff.
Anon. (1870) "Base-Ball as a Pastime and as a BusinessCountry=." Spirit of the Times. 23: 235.
Camp, W. (1889) "Base-Ball for the SpectatorCountry=." The Century. 38: 831-838.
Ward, J. M. (1888) Base-ball: How to Become a PlayerCountry=. Philadelphia, The Athletic Publishing Company. (SABR reprint, 1993)
Anon. (1869) "Base-ball: Review of the Season of ’68, With a Chapter on the Rise, Decline, and Future Prospects of the GameCountry=." Spirit of the Times. 19: 359.
Orem, P. (1961) Baseball (1845-1881) From the Newspaper AccountsCountry=. Altadena, CA, private printing.
Menke, F. G. (1944) BaseballCountry=. Encyclopedia of Sports. A. S. Barnes: 55ff.
Menke, F. G. (1947) Baseball -- MajorCountry=. The New Encyclopedia of Sports. New York, A. S. Barnes and Company: 77ff.
Block, D. (2005) Baseball Before We Knew It: A Search for the Roots of the GameCountry=. University of Nebraska Press.
Collection, E. C. C. (2000) Baseball Extra: A Newspaper History of the Glorious Game from its BeginningCountry=. Castle Books.
Morris, P. (2003) Baseball Fever: Early Baseball in MichiganCountry=. University of Michigan Press.
Levine, P., Ed. (1989) Baseball History: An Annual of Original Baseball ResearchCountry=. Meckler Books.
Agen, M. (1927) "Baseball Known in Old World Under Various NamesCountry=." Baseball. 38: 521.
Nash, P. J. (2003) Baseball Legends of Brooklyn’s Greenwood CemeteryCountry=. Arcadia.
Grossinger, R. (1977) Baseball VariantsCountry=. Baseball I Gave You the Best Years of My Life. Oakland, North Atlantic Books: 21-24.
Bartlett, A. (1951) Baseball and Mr. Spalding: The History and Romance of BaseballCountry=. Farrar, Straus and Young.
Henderson, R. W. (1939) "Baseball and RoundersCountry=." Bulletin of the New York Public Library. 43(4): 303-314.
Durso, J. (1986) Baseball and the American DreamCountry=. The Sporting News.
Sarchet, C. M. (1908) "Baseball as Played By the IndiansCountry=." Baseball. 1: 26-28.
Sumner, J. (1989) Baseball at Salisbury Prison CampCountry=US. Baseball History. Westport, CT: 19-27.
Knowles, R. G., and Richard Morton (1896) Baseball in AmericaCountry=. Baseball: The "Oval" Series of Games. London, George Routledge and Sons, Ltd: 82 ff.
Smith, R. (1961) Baseball in America: An Illustrated History of Our National PastimeCountry=. Holt Rinehart and Winston.
Bready, J. (1998) Baseball in Baltimore: The First 100 YearsCountry=US. Johns Hopkins University Press: 230. (Chapter 1, "The Beginnings," pages 3 - 14, covers the first clubs and the 1860s.)
Kirsch, G. B. (2003) Baseball in Blue and GrayCountry=. Princeton University Press.
Ellard, H. (2004) Baseball in Cincinnati: A HistoryCountry=US. McFarland: 199. (Originally published in 1908. Pages 17-92 cover the growth of base ball from 1860 to the formations of the Red Stockings in 1869.)
Tootle, James (2002) Baseball in ColumbusCountry=US. Arcadia. (This book has not been scoped out. It is mainly a pictorial history.)
Poillucci, J. V. (2001) Baseball in Dutchess County: When it Was a GameCountry=US. Routledge Books. (Not evaluated.)
Cvornyek, R. L. (2003) Baseball in Newark: Images of BaseballCountry=. Arcadia.
Wittke, C. (1952) "Baseball in its AdolescenceCountry=." Ohio State Archeological and Historical Quarterly. 61(2): 111-127.
Astifan, P. (1990) "Baseball in the 19th CenturyCountry=." Rochester History. 52(3): 2-23.
Thorn, John (2011) Baseball in the Garden of Eden: The Secret History of the Early GameCountry=. Simon and Schuster.
Setzer, J. (1996) Baseball in the Nineteenth CenturyCountry=. Society for American Baseball Research.
Barrett, P. V. (1910) "Baseball in the Seventeenth CenturyCountry=." Baseball. 5(75-76).
Mehl, E. (1948) "Baseball in the Stone AgeCountry=." Western Folklore. 7(2): 145-161.
Rader, B. G. (1996) Baseball – North AmericanCountry= 1. Encyclopedia of World Sport: From Ancient Times to the Present. Santa Barbara CA, ABC-CLIO: 91-99.
Nugent, W. H. (1925) "Baseball's Age of InnocenceCountry=." American Legion Weekly. 7(4-5): 14-17.
Bouchier, N. B. (2003) Baseball, Boosters, and the Amateur Not-for-Profit Approach to Community SportCountry=. For the Love of the Game: Amateur Sport in Small-Town. Ontario, McGill-Queens University Press: 100.
Vecsey, G. (2006) Baseball: A History of America's Favorite GameCountry=. New York, The Modern Library.
Rader, B. G. (1992) Baseball: A History of America’s GameCountry=. University of Illinois Press.
Ward, G. C., and Ken Burns (1994) Baseball: An Illustrated HistoryCountry=. Alfred A. Knopf.
Wallop, D. (1969) Baseball: An Informal HistoryCountry=. W. W. Norton. (Bantam paperbock published 1970)
Leitner, I. A. (1972) Baseball: Diamond in the RoughCountry=. Criterion Books.
Merrifield, A. S. (1990) Baseball: Early History to 1869Country=. Sports Encyclopedia of North America. Gulf Breeze, FL, Academic International Press: 139-152.
Danzig, A., and Joe Reichler (1959) Baseball: Its Great Players, Teams, and ManagersCountry=. Prentice-Hall.
Anon. (1884) Baseball: Its Rise and ProgressCountry=. The New York Clipper Annual. New York Clipper: 29-36.
Nemec, D., and Saul Wisnia (1997) Baseball: More Than 150 YearsCountry=. Publications International Ltd.
Seymour, H. (1960) Baseball: The Early YearsCountry=. (Oxford University Press printed a later edition in 1989.)
Seymour, H. (1990) Baseball: The People’s GameCountry=. Oxford University Press.
Stewart, M. (1998) Baseball; A History of the National PastimeCountry=. Grolier.
McCulloch, R., Ed. (2000) Baseball’s Roots: The Fascinating Birth of America’s GameCountry=. Warwick.
Moult, T., ed. (1935) Bat and Ball; A New Book of CricketCountry=. Arthur Barker Ltd. (Reprinted in 1960 by Sprotsman's Book Club)
Parker, B. (1967) "Batter Up: Fort Wayne's Baseball HistoryCountry=US." Old Fort News. 30(3).
Soos, T. (1997) Before the Curse: The Glory Days of New England Baseball, 1858-1918Country=US. Hyannis, MA, Parnassus Imprints.
Irwin, W. (1909) "Before the Professionals CameCountry=." Collier's. 43: 12-15.
Louden, G. A. (1939) Beginnings an d Development of the Game of BaseballCountry=. Cooperstown, self-published.
Frommer, H. (1995) Big Apple Baseball: An Illustrated History from the Burroughs to the BallparksCountry=US. Dallas, Tavlor Publishing. (Book is missing from shelf.)
McNary, K. (2003) Black Baseball: A History of African-Americans and the National GameCountry=. PRC Publishing, London.
Ryczek, W. J. (1992) Blackguards and Red Stockings: A History of Baseball's National AssociationCountry=. Wallingford CT, Colebrook Press.
Peverelly, C. (1866) Book of American Pastimes, Containing a History of the Principal Base Ball, Cricket, Rowing and Yachting Clubs of the United StatesCountry=. New York, privately printed. (reprinted in 2005 as Peverelly's National Game, John Freyer and Mark Rucker, eds., Arcadia)
Morris, P. (2008) But Didn't We Have Fun? An Informal History of Baseball's Pioneer Era, 1843-1870Country=. Chicago, Ivan R. Dee.
Norridge, J. (2008) Can We Have Our Balls Back, Please? How the British Invented SportCountry=. Allen Lane.
Altherr, T. L. (2008) "Chucking the Old Apple: Recent Discoveries of Pre-1840 North American Ball GamesCountry=." Base Ball. 2(1): 29-43.
Riess, S. A. (1989) City Games: The Evolution of American Urban Society and the Rise of SportsCountry=. University of Illinois Press.
Hajdu, G. (1971) Collection of Hungarian Folk GamesCountry=. Budapest. (translated from Hungarian 'Magyar Nepi Jatekok Gyujtemenye')
Gini, C. (1941) "Considerazioni ed Ipotesi Sull'origine del 'Om el Mahag'Country=." Genus. 5(1-2): 73-86.
Cardus, N. (1930) CricketCountry=. London, Longmans Green and Co.
Scholefield, P. (1990) Cricket Laws and TermsCountry=. Kent Town, Australia, Axiom Publishing.
Blofield, H. (2001) Cricket and All That; An Irreverent HistoryCountry=. Coronet.
Blancke, C. (1891) "Cricket in AmericaCountry=." Harper's Weekly. 35: 725.
Sentance, P. D. (2006) Cricket in America, 1710-2000Country=. Jefferson, NC, McFarland.
Phillips, B. (1894) "Cricket in the FortiesCountry=." Harper's Weekly. 38: 908 ff.
Bowen, R. (1970) Cricket: A History of its Growth and Development throughout the WorldCountry=. Eyre and Spottiswoode.
Martin-Jenkins, C. (1995) Cricket: A Way of LifeCountry=. Marks and Spenser. (1984 hardback edition by Century Publishing)
Anon (1984) Cricket: History of the Game, Equipment, ...Country=. St. Peters, Australia, Gregory's Publishing Company.
Green, S. (1982) Cricketing BygonesCountry=. Shire Publications.
Hammond, W. (1952) Cricket’s Secret HistoryCountry=. London, Stanley Paul & Co..
Moesche, C. R. (2000) Day-by-Day in Baseball HistoryCountry=. McFarland.
Humber, W. (1995) Diamonds in the North: A Concise History of Baseball in CanadaCountry=Canada. Oxford University Press.
Zoss, J., and John Bowman (1996) Diamonds in the RoughCountry=. Contemporary Books.
Bowman, J. S., and Joel Zoss (2004) Diamonds in the Rough: The Untold History of BaseballCountry=. University of Nebraska Press.
Williams, M. E. (1985) Double Century: 200 Years of Cricket in The TimesCountry=. Collins and Willow.
Lewis, T. (1987) Double Century: The Story of MCC and CricketCountry=. Hodder and Stoughton.
Henderson, R. W. (1977) Early American Sport: A Checklist of Books by American and Foreign Authors Published in America Prior to 1860Country=. Rutherford, NJ, Fairleigh Dickenson University Press.
Melville, T. (2001) Early Baseball and the Rise of the National LeagueCountry=. McFarland.
Goulstone, J. (1972) Early Club and Village CricketCountry=. (Private publication)
Macgregor, R. R. (1879) Early Forms of CricketCountry= 39. Belgravia. 450-456. (Braddon, M. ed.)
Sullivan, D. A., Ed. (1995) Early Innings: A Documentary History of Baseball 1825-1908Country=. University of Nebraska Press.
Howorth, P. (1995) East Yorkshire Cricket 1778-1914Country=. Driffield, Lowndes Publications.
Gale, F. (1871) Echoes from Old Cricket FieldsCountry=. London, Simpkin, Marshall.
Gilbert, T. (1995) Elysian Fields: The Birth of BaseballCountry=. Grolier.
Collins, T., et al. (2005) Encyclopedia of Traditional British Rural SportsCountry=. Routledge.
Levinson, D., and Karen Christopher, Ed. (1999) Encyclopedia of World Sport: From Ancient Times to the PresentCountry=. Oxford University Press.
Brookes, C. (1978) English Cricket: The Game and its Players Through the AgesCountry=. Weidenfeld and Nicolson.
Hole, C. (1949) English Sports and PastimesCountry=. London, B. T. Batsford, Ltd.
Routledge, E., ed. (1881) Every Boy's Book; A Complete Encyclopedia of Sports and AmusementsCountry=. London, George Routledge and Sons. (Fourteenth Edition; First edition 1841)
Fogel, H. S. (1921) Evolution of Baseball from 1833 Up to the Present TimeCountry=. Philadelphia?, Daily Evening Telegraph.
Hazlitt, W. C. (1905) Faiths and Folklore: A Dictionary of National Beliefs, Superstitions and Popular CustomsCountry=. London, Reeves and Turner.
read online: http://archive.org/stream/popularantiquit01branuoft
Hulbert, J. (2007) "Fast Day: Boston's Original Opening DayCountry=US." Base Ball. 1(1): 73-77.
Bene, D. D. (1898) Fifty Years Reminiscences of Scottish CricketCountry=. Glasgow.
Willughby, F., and Clive L. Hardy (2003) Francis Willughby’s Book of Games: A Seventeenth Century Treatise on Sports, Games, and PastimesCountry=. Ashgate Publishing. (based on a 1670s manuscript)
McCulloch, R., Ed. (1998) From Cartwright to Shoeless Joe: The Warwick Compendium of Early BaseballCountry=. Warwick.
Shiffert, J. (2007) "From Pastime to MonopolyCountry=." Pennsylvania Legacies. 7(1): 16-21.
Millen, P. (2001) From Pastime to Passion: Baseball and the Civil WarCountry=. Bowie, MD, Heritage Books.
Guttman, A. (1978) From Ritual to Record: The Nature of Modern SportsCountry=. Columbia University Press.
Endrei, W., and Laszlo Zolnay (1986) Fun and Games in Old EuropeCountry=. Budapest, Corvina Klado.
McKinnon, L. C. (1910) "Games Played with a BallCountry=." Baseball. 4: 71-72.
Newell, W. W. (1883) Games and Songs of American ChildrenCountry=. New York, Dover. (1963 reprint)
Brewster, P. G. (1947) "Games and Sports in Sixteenth- and Seventeenth-Century British LiteratureCountry=." Western Folklore. 6(2): 143-156.
Pardon, G. (1858) Games for All SeasonsCountry=. London, James Blackwood.
Wert, J. D. (1987) "Gentlemen Don’t Steal BasesCountry=." Sports History. 1(1): 34-41.
Warner, P. (1950) Gentlemen v. Players, 1806-1949Country=. London, George G. Harrap and Co.
Lansche, G. (1991) Glory Fades Away: The Nineteenth Century World Series RediscoveredCountry=. Dallas, Taylor.
Liberman, N. (2003) Glove Affairs: The Romance, History and Tradition of the Baseball GloveCountry=. Chicago, Triumph.
Gershman, M. (1993) Green Pastures (1845-1875)Country=. Diamonds: The Evolution of the Ballpark. Houghton Mifflin: 5-23.
Brooke, R., and Peter Matthews (1988) Guiness Cricket FirstsCountry=. Guiness Books.
Devine, C. (2003) Harry Wright: The Father of Professional BaseballCountry=. McFarland.
Schiff, A. J. (2008) "Henry Chadwick: The “Father of Baseball” Was a SportswriterCountry=." National Pastime. 28: 26-29.
Cleaver, J. D. (1965) Heritage of a National Game: Social Baseball 1845-1875Country=. State University of New York Press.
Lange, F. W. (1938) History of Baseball in California and Pacific Coast Leagues 1847-1938; Memories of an Old Time Baseball PlayerCountry=US. Oakland, Privately Printed.
Gower, D. (2002) History of CricketCountry=. Pellinore Productions. (DVD)
Betts, J. R. (1971) "Home Front, Battle Field, and Sport During the Civil WarCountry=." Research Quarterly. 42.
Danielson, M. N. (1997) Home Team: Professional Sports and the American MetropolisCountry=. Princeton University Press.
Seymour, H. (1956) "How Baseball BeganCountry=." Historical Society Quarterly: 369-385. (Reprinted in John Thorn, ed., The Armchair Book of Baseball: An All-Star Lineup Celebrates America’s National Pastime [Galahad Books, 1997], pp 283-295.)
McCulloch, R. (1995) How Baseball Began: The Long Overlooked Truth about the Birth of BaseballCountry=. Warwick. (reprinted by McFarland, 2001)
Brasch, R. (1970) How Did Sports Begin? A Look at the Origins of Man at PlayCountry=. New York, David McKay Company.
Cummings, C. (1997) How I Pitched the First CurveCountry=. The Complete Armchair Book of Baseball. New York, Galahad Books: 468-470. (first published in 1985 or 1987. J. Thorn, editor)
Chadwick, A. (1995) Illustrated History of BaseballCountry=. Chartwell Books.
Rae, S. (2001) It's Not Cricket; A History of Skullduggery, Sharp Practice and Downright Cheating in the Noble GameCountry=. London, Faber and Faber.
Loeffler, R. (2006) Key Points in the Evolution of the Baseball from the Early 1800s to 1872Country=. 8.
Ivor-Campbell, F. (2007) "Knickerbocker Base Ball: The Birth and Infancy of the Modern GameCountry=." Base Ball. 1(2): 55-66.
KBB Club () Knickerbocker Score Books, Game Books, and Meeting LogsCountry=US. (On microfilm from NYPL; SABR has a copy of the set as well as the Chadwick and Spalding and Wright scrapbooks and diaries.)
Terry, J. L. (2002) Long Before the Dodgers: Baseball in Brooklyn, 1855-1884Country=US. McFarland.
Helyar, J. (1994) Lords of the Realm: The Real History of BaseballCountry=. Villard Books.
Kirsch, G. B. (1991) Massachusetts Baseball and Cricket, 1840-1870Country=US. Sports in Massachusetts: Historical Essays. Westfield, MA, Institute for Massachusetts Studies: 1-15. (R. Story, ed.)
Mears, C. D. (1853) Mears Baseball ScrapbooksCountry=.
Old-Timer (1896) Memoirs of the Father of Base Ball: He Resides in New Haven and Retains an Interest in the GameCountry=. Sporting News.
Thilgen, D. (2002) Midwest and National Base Ball in Minnesota NewspapersCountry=US. London, Ontario, VBBA Annual Convention.
Lardner, J. (1950) Mr. Henderson and the Cooperstown MythCountry=. True.
Burk, R. F. (1994) Never Just a Game: Players, Owners, and American Baseball to 1920Country=. University of North Carolina Press.
Brodribb, G. (1995) Next Man In: A Survey of Cricket Laws and CustomsCountry=. Souvenir Press. (revision of the 1952 edition)
Irwin, W. (1945) "No, It Wasn't Doubleday!Country=." Baseball Digest: 52-54.
Chadwick, H. () NotebooksCountry=.
Brand, J. (1900) Observations on the Popular Antiquities of Great Britain: The Origins of our Vulgar and Provincial Customs, Ceremonies and SuperstitionsCountry=. London, George Bell and Sons.
Casway, J. (2007) "Octavius Catto and the Pythians of PhiladelphiaCountry=." Pennsylvania Legacies. 7(1): 5-9.
Crosby, J. (1951) "Ode to the Baseball SeasonCountry=." Saturday Review. 35: 46.
Husman, J. R. (2004) Ohio's First Baseball GameCountry=US. Played by Confederates and Taught to Yankees. 8.
Lovett, J. D. W. (1907) Old Boston Boys and the Games They PlayedCountry=US. Boston, Riverside Press: Chapter XII, 125-132.
Betts, J. R. (1952) Organized Sport in Industrial AmericaCountry=. University of Michigan Dissertation Services.
Anon. (1889) Origin of the National Game of BaseballCountry=. Mercury Sporting Guide for 1889 Containing the History and Records of Baseball. 1-5.
Goulstone, J. (2001) Hambledon: The Men and the MythsCountry=England. Cambridge, England, Roger Heavens: 1-7.
Light, J. F. (1997) Origins of BaseballCountry=. The Cultural Encyclopedia of Baseball. McFarland.
Williams, P. (1994) Origins of the Baseball MythCountry=. The Sports Immortals. Bowling Green, OH, Bowling Green State University Popular Press: 67-70.
Thorn, J. (1995) Our Game. Total BaseballCountry=. The Official Encyclopedia of Major League Baseball. Viking Press: 5-14. (4th edition)
Alexander, C. (1991) Our Game: An American Baseball HistoryCountry=. Henry Holt.
Freyer, J., and Mark Rucker, Ed. (2005) Peverelly's National Game: Images of BaseballCountry=. Arcadia Publishing. (a reprinting of the chapter "The National Game," from Charles Peverelly's 1866 self-published book, American Pastimes)
Goldstein, W. (1989) Playing for Keeps: A History of Early BaseballCountry=. Cornell University Press. (paperback edition, 1991)
Smith, C. (1867) Popular Pastimes for Field and FiresideCountry=. Milton Bradley.
Koppett, L. (1998) Concise History of Major League BaseballCountry=. Temple University Press: 1-14.
Frommer, H. (1988) Primitive Baseball: The First Quarter-Century of the National PastimeCountry=. Atheneum.
Barty-King, H. (1979) Quilt Winders and Pod Shavers; the History of Cricket Bat and Ball ManufactureCountry=. London, Macdonald and James.
Seymour, H. (1990) "Review of Kirsch's 'The Creation of American Team Sports'Country=." Journal of American History. 77(1): 294-295.
Richter, F. (1914) Richter’s History and Records of Base Ball: The American Nation’s Chief SportCountry=. Philadelphia, Dando. (Reprinted by McFarland, 2005)
Burnett, J. (2000) Riot, Revelry and Rout: Sport in Lowland Scotland Before 1860Country=. East Linton, Scotland, Tuckwell Press.
Zoerink, D. A. (1966) RoundersCountry= 1. Encyclopedia of World Sport: From Ancient Times to the Present. Santa Barbara, CA, ABC-CLIO: 816-818.
Gini, C. (1939) "Rural Games in LibyaCountry=." Rural Sociology. 4(3): 283-299.
Spalding, A. G. (1874) Scrapbooks, 1874-1913Country=.
McCulloch, J. (1895) Sixty Years of Canadian Cricket TorontoCountry=Canada. Bryant Publishing.
Maigaard, P. (1940) "Slagboldspillenes HistorieCountry=." Danske Studien: 33-48.
Green, S. (1988) "Some Cricket RecordsCountry=." Archives. 18(80): 187-198.
Wister, W. R. (1904) Some Reminiscences of Cricket in Philadelphia Before 1861Country=US. Philadelphia.
Morse, J. (1888) Sphere and Ash: History of Base BallCountry=. Boston, J. F. Spofford. (reprinted by Camden House, Columbia SC, 1984)
Wymer, N. (1949) Sport in England: A History of Two Thousand Years of Games and PastimesCountry=. London, George G. Harrap and Co.
Riess, S. A. (1995) Sport in Industrial American, 1850-1920Country=. Wheeling IL, Harlan Davidson.
Jarvie, G., ed. (2000) Sport, Scotland and the ScotsCountry=. London, Tuckwell Press.
Jewell, B. (1977) Sports and Games: History and OriginsCountry=. Tunbridge Wells, UK, Midas Books.
Crockett, D. S. (1961) "Sports and Recreational Practices of Union and Confederate SoldiersCountry=." Research Quarterly. 32: 335-347.
Kirsch, G. B., ed. (1992) Sports in North America: A Documentary History, Volume 3: The Rise of Modern Sports 1840-1860Country=. Academic International Press.
Menna, L. K. (1995) Sports in North America: A Documentary History. Volume 2: The Origins of Modern Sports, 1820-1840Country=. Academic International Press.
Baker, W. J. (1982) Sports in the Western WorldCountry=. Totowa, NJ, Rowman and Littlefield.
Dizikes, J. (1981) Sportsmen and Gamesmen: From the Years that Shaped American Ideas About Winning and Losing and How to Play the GameCountry=. Houghton Mifflin.
Underdown, D. (2000) Start of Play: Cricket and Culture in Eighteenth Century EnglandCountry=. Allen Lane.
Smith, C. (2001) Storied Stadiums: Baseball's History Through its BallparksCountry=. New York, Carrol and Graf.
Culin, S. (1891) "Street Games of Boys in BrooklynCountry=." Journal of American Folklore. 4: 231-233.
Goldstein, R. (1991) Superstars and Screwballs: 100 Years of Brooklyn BaseballCountry=US. Dutton. (Book has not been evaluated.)
Reaves, J. A. (2001) Taking in a Game: A History of Baseball in AsiaCountry=. Lincoln NE, University of Nebraska Press.
Norton, F. C. (1904) That Strange Yankee Game, WicketCountry=US. Hartford, Hartford Courant. (Reprinted in Bristol Connecticut, City Printing Company, Hartford, 1907)
Brayshaw, I. (1985) The ABC of Cricket: The History, The Laws, a Glossary of TermsCountry=. Sydney, Australian Broadcasting Company.
Dick, Ed. (1864) The American Boys Book of Sports and Games: A Practical Guide to Indoor and Outdoor AmusementsCountry=. Dick and Fitzgerald. (reprinted by Lyons Press, 2000)
Camp, W. (1910) "The American National Game: Professional and College Base-Ball in the MakingCountry=." Century. 79: 936-948.
Chadwick, H. (1867) "The Ancient History of Base BallCountry=." Ball Player’s Chronicle: 4.
Chadwick, H. (1867) The Ball Players' ChronicleCountry=. Thompson & Pearson. (http://www.amazon.com/Sept-19-1867-Ball-Players-Chronicle/dp/B0039C4FM0 also New England Base Ball Players Gazette.)
Charlton, J. (1991) The Baseball ChronologyCountry=. MacMillan.
Astor, G. (1988) The Baseball Hall of Fame 50th Anniversary BookCountry=. Prentice Hall.
Lieb, F. G. (1950) The Baseball StoryCountry=. G. P. Putnam’s.
Solomon, B. (1997) The Baseball TimelineCountry=. Stonesong Press.
Lewis, G. (1970) "The Beginning of Organized Collegiate SportCountry=." American Quarterly. 22(2): 222-229.
Birdsall, R. R. (1917) The Birthplace of Base BallCountry=. The Story of Cooperstown. Cooperstown, NY, The Arthur Christ Co: 247-257.
Barbour, R. H. (1904) The Book of School and College SportsCountry=. New York, D. Appleton and Company.
Gabriel, J. D. (1988) "The Celtic Claim to the Grand Old GameCountry=." Minneapolis Review of Baseball. 7(3): 26-28.
Knight, A. E. (1906) The Complete CricketerCountry=. London, Methuen and Company.
Ribowsky, M. (2003) The Complete History of the Home RunCountry=. New York, Citadel Press.
Story, R. (2001) The Country of the Young: The Meaning of Baseball in Early American CultureCountry=. Baseball History from Outside the Lines. J. E. Dreifort. University of Nebraska Press: 19-33.
Gould, S. J. (1989) The Creation Myths of CooperstownCountry=. Natural History. 14-24.
Kirsch, G. B. (1989) The Creation of American Team Sports: Baseball and Cricket, 1838-1872Country=. University of Illinois Press.
Pycroft, J. (1854) The Cricket FieldCountry=. London, Longman, Brown, Green and Longmans.
Carroll, J. M. (1989) "The Doubleday Myth and Texas BaseballCountry=US." Southwestern Historical Quarterly. 42: 596-612. (This source has not been procured for evaluation.)
Griffith, W. R. (1992) The Early History of Amateur Base Ball in the State of MarylandCountry=US 87. Maryland Historical Magazine: 201-208. (Book is missing from shelf.)
Griffith, W. R. (1897) The Early History of Amateur Base Ball in the State of Maryland, 1858 -1871Country=. John Cox.
Toyne, S. M. (1955) "The Early History of CricketCountry=." History Today. 6: 357-365.
Tyrrell, I. (1979) The Emergence of Modern American Baseball, c. 1850-1880Country=. Sport in History: The Making of Modern Sport History. R. Cashman, and Michael McKernan. St. Lucia, University of Queensland Press: 205-216.
McLean, T. (1985) The English at Play in the Middle AgesCountry=. Kensal Press.
Hutchinson, H. G. (1893) "The Evolution of Games at BallCountry=." The Eclectic Magazine of Foreign Literature. 57: 831 ff.
Shieber, T. (1994) "The Evolution of the Baseball DiamondCountry=." Baseball Research Journal. 23: 3-12.
Adelman, M. A. (1980) "The First Baseball Game, the Newspaper References to Baseball, and the New York ClubCountry=US." Journal of Sport History. 7(Winter): 132-135.
Chadwick, H. (1868) The Game of Baseball: How to Learn It, How to Play It, How to Teach It, with Sketches of Noted PlayersCountry=. New York, George Munro. (Reprinted by Camden House, Columbia SC, 1983)
Anon. (1887) The Game of CricketCountry=. Sonnenschein.
Thorn, J. (2005) The Game that Got AwayCountry=. Boston, Boston Globe.
Mote, A. (1997) The Glory Days of Cricket: The Extraordinary Story of Broadhalfpenny DownCountry=. Robson Books.
Rankin, W. (1909) "The History of BaseballCountry=." Baseball Magazine. 3: 13-22.
Casey, H. J. (1912) "The History of Baseball: The Spectacular Career of America’s Foremost GameCountry=." Baseball Magazine. 8: 21 ff.
Parker, E. (1950) The History of CricketCountry=. London, Seeley Service & Co.
Guarinoni, H. (1610) The Horrors of the Devastation of the Human RaceCountry=. Ingolstadt, Austria. (Orig: Greuel der Verwustung des Menschlichen Geschlechts.)
Bowman, J. S., and Brian Turner (2002) The Hurrah Game: Baseball in Northampton, 1823-1953Country=US. Northampton, MA, Northampton Museum and Education Center.
Phelps-Stokes, I. N. (1915) The Iconography of Manhattan Island, 1915 - 1928Country=. New York, Robert H. Dodd. (reprinted in 1967 by Amo)
DeClerico, J. M., and Barry J. Pavelec (1991) The Jersey Game: The History of Modern Baseball from Its Birth to the Big Leagues in the Garden StateCountry=US. Rutgers University Press. (Chapters 1 and 2, pages 1-39, cover the pre-professional era in NJ)
Macfarlane, A. (2007) "The Knickerbockers; San Francisco's First Baseball Team?Country=US." Base Ball. 1(1): 7-21.
Rait Kerr, R. S. (1950) The Laws of Cricket: Their History and GrowthCountry=. Longmans, Green & Co.
Anon. (1937) The MCC 1787 - 1937Country=. London, The Times Publishing Company.
Peterson, H. (1973) The Man Who Invented BaseballCountry=. Charles Scribner’s Sons.
Crane, S. (1997) The Men Who Invented ShortstopCountry=. The Complete Armchair Book of Baseball. Galahad Books, New York: 447-452. (originally published in 1985 or 1987)
Podoll, B. A. (2003) The Minor League Milwaukee Brewers, 1859-1952Country=. McFarland.
Tygiel, J. (2000) The Mortar of Which Baseball is Held Together: Henry Chadwick and the Invention of Baseball StatisticsCountry=. Past Time: Baseball as History. Oxford University Press: 15-34.
Wright, M. D. (2000) The National Association of Base Ball Players, 1857-1870Country=. McFarland.
Spink, A. H. (1910) The National GameCountry=. National Game Publishing. (2nd Edition, 1911 -- reprinted by Southern Illinois University Press, 2000)
Rossi, J. (2000) The National Game: Baseball and American CultureCountry=. Ivan Dee.
Tygiel, J. (2000) The National Game: Reflections on the Rise of Baseball in the 1850s and 1860sCountry=. Past Time: Baseball as History. Oxford University Press: 3-14.
Harris, Rick (2008) Rhode Island Baseball: The Early YearsCountry=US. History Press. (Pages 21-31 (most of chapters 1 and 2) address the amateur era in Rhode Island base ball)
Adams, D. L., et al. (1854) The New York Baseball RulesCountry=. The Book of American Pastimes. New York: 346-348.
Smith, P. () The Observer's Book of CricketCountry=. London, Frederick Warne. (first published 1973)
Turkin, H., and S. C. Thomson (1956) The Official Encyclopedia of Baseball: Revised EditionCountry=. New York, A. S. Barnes and Company.
Genovese, D. L. (2004) The Old Ball Ground: the Chronological History of Westfield BaseballCountry=. West Conshohocken, PA, Infinity Publishing.
Seymour, G. D. (1909) The Old-Time Game of Wicket and Some Old-Time Wicket Players.Country=US 2. Papers and Addresses of the Society of Colonial Wars in the State of Connecticut. 269-303.
McGuire, M. (2003) "The Ongoing Fable of BaseballCountry=." New York Archives. 2(4): 8-12.
Spalding, A. G. (1905) "The Origin and History of BaseballCountry=." American Boy. 6(215). (first of two parts)
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Fillmore, S. (1977) The Pleasure of the Game: The Story of Toronto Cricket, 1827-1977Country=Canada. Toronto, Toronto Cricket, Skating, and Curling Club. (Book is missing from shelf.)
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Morris, P. (2007) The Pursuit of Pleasure Under DifficultiesCountry=. Level Playing Fields: How the Groundskeeping Murphy Brothers Shaped Baseball. Lincoln, NE, University of Nebraska Press: 15-32.
Daniel, W. H. (1979) "The Rage in the Hill City: The Beginnings of Baseball in LynchburgCountry=." Virginia Cavalcade. 28: 186-191.
Guschov, S. D. (1998) The Red Stockings of Cincinnati: Base Ball’s First All-Professional TeamCountry=. McFarland.
Vincent, T. (1981) The Rise and Fall of American SportCountry=. New York, Seaview Books.
Somers, D. A. (1972) The Rise of Sports in New Orleans, 1850-1900Country=. Louisiana State University Press.
Nemec, D. (1994) The Rules of Baseball: An Anecdotal Look at the Rules, and How They Came to BeCountry=. Lyons and Burford.
Miklich, E. (2005) The Rules of the Game; A Compilation of the Rules of Baseball 1845-1900Country=. 19C Base Ball.
Strutt, J. (1801) The Sports and Pastimes of the People of EnglandCountry=. London, Methuen.
Strutt, J. (1903) The Sports and Pastimes of the People of England—A New Edition, Much Enlarged and Corrected by J. Charles FoxCountry=. London, Methuen. (Reissued by Singing Tree Press, Detroit, 1968)
Rosenburg, J. M. (1962) The Story of BaseballCountry=. Random House.
Durant, J. (1959) The Story of Baseball in Words and PicturesCountry=. New York, Hastings House. (first edition was 1947)
Egan, J. (1987) The Story of Cricket in AustraliaCountry=. Crows Nest, NSW, Australian Broadcasting Corporation.
Melville, T. (1998) The Tented Field: A History of Cricket in AmericaCountry=. Bowling Green University Popular Press.
Dewey, D. (2004) The Tenth Man: The Fan in Baseball HistoryCountry=. New York, Carroll and Graf.
Jensen, D. (2005) The Timeline History of BaseballCountry=. Palgrave Books.
Gomme, A. B. (1964) The Traditional Games of England, Scotland, and Ireland, Volume 2Country=. New York, Dover. (reprint -- original publication 1898)
read online: http://archive.org/stream/traditionalgames02gommuoft
Thorn, J. (1992) "The True Father of BaseballCountry=." Elysian Fields Quarterly. (revised several times since; most recently published in Total Baseball, 8th ed. (Sport Classic Books, 2004))
Montague, W. (1838) The Youth's Encyclopedia of HealthCountry=.
Gomme, A. B. (1894) Traditional Games of England, Scotland, and Ireland, Volume 1Country=. London, David Nutt.
Hubbell, R. W. (1948) Tribute Paid to General Doubleday, Founder of Our National GameCountry=. New York, New York Times.
Ryczek, W. J. (1998) When Johnny Came Sliding Home: The Post-Civil War Baseball Boom, 1865-1870Country=. McFarland & Co.
Ward, G. C., with Ken Burns and Paul Robert Walker (1994) Who Invented The Game?: Baseball, The American EpicCountry=. A. A. Knopf.
Parker, D. (1951) "Who Really Invented Baseball?Country=." Sport. 10: 14-17.
Anon. (1912) "Who Started Baseball? A Word on the Origins of the National GameCountry=." Baseball. 8: 71-72.
Green, B., Ed. (1979) Wisden Anthology 1864 - 1900Country=. Queen Anne Press.
Marks, V. (1989) Wisden Illustrated History of CricketCountry=. W. H. Smith.
Chadwick, H. (1868) “Balls Days” in the Year AD 1858Country=. The Game of Base Ball. Columbia, SC, Camden House: 178-181.
Schiff, A. J. (2007) “The Father of Baseball”: A Biography of Henry ChadwickCountry=. Jefferson, NC, McFarland.
MacDougall, Hugh (2011) Abner Graves: The Man who Brought Baseball to CooperstownCountry=. 44. (This paper was presented in various stages to the Fly Creek Historical Society (2010), and the Friends of the Cooperstown Library (2011).)
Fred H. Harrison (1983) The Hard-Ball GameCountry=. Phillips Academy. (This is chapter 2 of Harrison's Athletics for All: Physical Education and Athletics at Phillips Academy 1778-1978 (Phillips Academy, 1984). It describes ballplaying at the Academy from 1811 to 1878.)
Terry, David (2000) "The Seventeenth Century Game of Cricket: A Reconstruction of the GameCountry=." The Sports Historian(Number 20): 33-43.
Federal Writers' Project (Illinois) (1939) Baseball in Old ChicagoCountry=US. Chicago, A. C. McClurg. (Pages 1-9 supply the context for the rise of pro baseball in Chicago and the surrounding area.)
Felber, Bill, editor (2013) Inventing Baseball: The 100 Greatest Games of the Nineteenth CenturyCountry=US. Phoenix, AZ, SABR: 290. (Twenty-seven of SABR's 100 "Greatest Games" of the 1800s occurred before the first professional league appeared in 1871. Each game is described in an essay of 2 or 3 pages. Includes illustrations.)